As one of Europe’s earliest inhabited nations, it no wonder why there amazing ruins and ancient sites in Bulgaria to visit. These ancient sites of Bulgaria are comprised of Thracian, Roman, and Byzantine ruins, each possessing its own unique story and intrigue. We had the chance to visit with a number of the ancient sites and ruins of Bulgaria. These are among the country’s ruins.
Pomorie, beehive Tomb
Bulgaria’s lands , particularly the caves located near the Balkan Mountains and Pleven, have been inhabited as the Upper Paleolithic period, around 40,000 BC. The earliest permanent settlers arrived here around 6,000 B.C. and started to live in temples like the types of Yagodina, located in the southern Rodopi Mountains. Their”structure techniques” innovative later on, because around 5,000 B.C., the people of Bulgaria moved to mud huts.
Around 5,000 B.C., the Thracians settled Across the Black Sea coast, in the Area situated near Burgas and in Mesembria, known today as Nessebar.
But some of the very interesting Thracian remains are to be found on Nebet Tepe, in Plovdiv, in which they built the fortress of Eumolpias in roughly 5,000 B.C.
Nikopolis ad Istrum
Gradually the Thracians spread to the territory and built settlements located in the cities of Sandanski, Stara Zagora, and Bansko, merely to mention a few. Under ancient sites that are uncovered that are several lie. Of the Thracian ruins Which Have Been concealed in Bulgaria, here are the most Well-known ones to visit:
The Beehive tomb is one of the most impressive ancient sites in Bulgaria. It’s located close to the road from Burgas. It’s thought to have been a mausoleum for the wealthy Anhialo household. The grave dates back to the 2nd or 3rd century A.D. and has been the scene for many pagan rituals. It was built from bricks and stone, and has been restored to allow people to enter safely. Archaeologists believe that the walls of the Beehive Tomb of Pomorie were covered with murals, because they did not survive, but unfortunately we can’t know.
Roman Baths, Varna
Starosel is a ancient Thracian site, and day excursion from Plovdiv. Starosel dates back over 2,500 years, which makes it one of the earliest tombs found in Bulgaria. There are just six temples in the complex, of which only two are open to people (Chetinyova Mogila along with Horizon Temple). WATCH VIDEO
Book your Starosel Thracian Temple tour here!
St. George Rotunda
Kazanlak is a UNESCO World Heritage Site Only 35 minutes out of Stara Zagora.
Its vaulted brickwork and brightly colored mural make it one of Bulgaria’s most famous ancient sites. Regrettably, it is not possible to see the tomb . It’s possible, however, to pay a stop by to an specific replica of the grave located just steps off. WATCH VIDEO
Bulgaria is also home to a spectacular ancient Roman ruins that have been able to stand the test of time waiting for people who wish to discover the talent and creativity of the Roman men and women.
Here Would Be the most Notable Roman ruins in Bulgaria:
Nikopolis ad Istrum is a historical city located 20 kilometers from Veliko Tarnovo, one of the most picturesque cities of the country. This Roman settlement was built between 101 and 106 A.D. by Roman Emperor Trajan as a means of honoring his victory. The title of this town actually translates into”Town of the Victory on the Danube River.” The site still contains the ruins of a community of agora, public buildings, a forum, people bathroom complicated, odeon, and streets. A fascinating fact concerning the city has been that it created its own coins — excavations have revealed about 1,000 types of bronze coins that had pictures of the city. WATCH VIDEO
Possibly the Roman site in Bulgaria is that the Plovdiv Amphitheatre, that is located in the center of Plovdiv city. The amphitheater dates back to the 2nd century, during the reign of Emperor Trajan, also everybody who gets a chance. It’s also one of the theatres in the world and still employed for various performances. In fact, the Plovdiv International Folklore Festival is held here every year — an event that attracts numerous spectators from all around Bulgaria that come to see traditional tunes and dances from different countries.
Covering a Top of Yards, the Roman Baths from Varna are the third largest Roman baths in Europe, outsized by People of Diocletian and Caracalla along with the ones in Trier, Germany.
Varna’s toilet complex was built sometime during the 2nd century A.D., when Varna was known as Odessos. The baths weren’t just socializing , but also for company meetings and for bathing. Today, the Roman baths of Varna are in ruins, however, people still have a opportunity to walk through the different rooms (frigidarium, tepidarium, caldarium, and even sports complex).
The ancient Roman military base of Abritus dates back to the 1st century A.D. Its close proximity to Ruse makes it a terrific day trip from there. It is referred to as the Abritus Archaeological Reserve. This site is what remains of one of the biggest centers of the Roman province, Moesia Inferior. Archaeological functions have uncovered treasure that was gold, the remains of a private home belonging to a wealthy state official, within 70 monuments, and lots of Roman decorative columns. WATCH VIDEO
A Thracian tribe named Serdi built the foundation of the capital of Bulgaria. The Serdi established the settlement of Sardonopolis, which afterwards became Serdica and now is known as simply as Sofia.Waiting for curious visitors from the courtyard of this Government Office and the Sheraton Hotel in Bulgaria’s capital, is currently the St. George Rotunda. It’s been here since the 4th century A.D. and remains the earliest and also the best-preserved Roman construction in Sofia. The rotunda was initially intended to be a baptistery (intended for individuals who wanted to convert to Christianity), however, it had been changed into a church during the reign of Emperor Justinian the Great (r. 527-565). It had been the Gyul Dzhamasi Mosque. The site had been abandoned in 1878, after the liberation of Bulgaria, transformed to a mausoleum after the passing of Prince Alexander Battenberg (r. 1879-1886), and eventually restored in 1915. Now is a church.
Deultum is the name of this village of Debelt. Deultum was a Roman Empire founded during the 1st century A.D., when Emperor Vespasian dominated within the Empire, by the specialists of this 8th Augustan Legion. This had been the only colony in Bulgaria where free Roman citizens lived. Deultum was announced one of Bulgaria’s Wonders in 2011, and is certainly worthy of your trip. The artifacts excavated from the site: statues, inscriptions ceramics, coins and other items, can be admired from the Archaeological Museum of Burgas. WATCH VIDEO
Hisarya’s ruins are situated just 45 minutes from the town of Plovdiv. This Roman city was built atop a Thracian settlement that was preexisting, once known as Diocletianopolis, also is home to a few of gates and the country ‘s best-preserved Roman walls. Are baths, town walls, streets, and an amphitheater. Aside from the ruins, Hisarya is famous for having several spa hotels. WATCH VIDEO
Know of some other historical sites or ruins in Bulgaria you’d like to share? Leave us a comment below!