Ten thousand years of history, hundreds of kilometers of delectable cuisine, pristine coastline and a reputation makes Cyprus a sought-after destination for the sort of tourist that appreciates the excellent outdoors.
Brief History of Cyprus
The Cyprus Museum
Without an understanding of the sites in Cyprus, one can not truly appreciate the wealthy Cypriot culture, although cyprus is famous for its sand and sun. As with any topic, it’s best to begin at the beginning…
Kourion Archaeological Site
Evidence has shown that Cyprus has been inhabited since prehistory. The Temple (8200-3800 BC) and Chalcolithic individuals (3800-2400 BC) of all Cyprus left behind remnants of their regular lives, including easy single-room huts, stone carvings and tools. The Bronze Age (1650-1050 BC) caused it to an emigration of southern Greeks, coordinated societies and commerce with neighboring countries. City-kingdoms were established throughout the Geometric and Archaic Periods (1050-480 BC). All these kingdoms had habits, their own sovereign rulers and coinage. The Classical, Hellenestic and Roman periods (480-330 AD) saw Persian controller go and come with Alexander the Great’s plan to reconquer the East. Eventually polytheism died out starting in 45 AD and also the island has been converted into Christianity by the Apostles Paul and Barnabas. From 1571 into 1878 Cyprus was under Ottoman control, but was able to retain its cultural individuality that is Hellenistic.
Amathous Archaeological Site
Tomb of Kings
Let’s skip to the most significant piece of contemporary history of the island : Turkey invaded Cyprus on July 20th, 1974. They claimed 33% of their island as their very own, which forced over 200,000 indigenous Greek Cypriots out of their northern Cyprus homes. According to the U.N. (and almost any Greek Cypriot you ask) Turkey’s occupation of northern Cyprus is illegal. Guests can cross the border but don’t expect to get invited to go see the side.
Now for the interesting things. I’ve been in Cyprus for 10 days and I’ve had the opportunity to see museums and destroys. Here would be my top 8 historical sites in Cyprus. If you love history as much as I do, these places will have you mesmerized with all the Cypriot world. I’ve organized them into areas.
Temple of Aphrodite
This is the Greatest museum in Cyprus.
It has artifacts from the Neolithic Age to the Byzantine period (7th century AD). The terracota human characters in the Bronze Age would be the most impressive. There are on display, each in condition. The museum also houses an ancient coin collection, many cross-shaped idols in the Chalcolithic period, golden jewellery and statues of gods and goddesses.
About 20 kilometers west of Lemesos is that the site where the of Kourion has been located. The site features a theater, four Greco-Roman baths, public bathrooms, a Roman agora (marketplace ), an early Christian basilica and an early Christian residence. The Romans modifyed the theater to be employed by 2,000 audiences watching gladiatorial games. It is still used for performances and has been fully restored. A number of the mosaics in the villas are in excellent condition. They depict hunting scenes, goddesses, gods, and blessings of the house.
Choirokoitia Archaeological Site
Although in relatively poor condition in comparison to historical ruins in Cyprus, Amathous merits a visit by the Cyprus enthusiast. What remains of this is in the Archaic, Roman and Christian periods. Visitors can see from what was a flourishing city kingdom, what remains of a fountain, temple, even the baths, agora and also a few characteristics. Amathous was once an important location for Aphrodite worship.
Kition Archaeological Site
This is a major attraction in Paphos due to its large size and state. These tombs were not really utilised to infect kings, but they’re certainly match for them. The site is a grand necropolis made in the rock. Each tomb is different, but there is one that is a stunner. It includes a spacious courtyard, pillars and rooms.
Considered to contain some of the most intact and beautiful historical mosaics in the Eastern Mediterranean, Paphos Mosaics is a”must” stop for anyone in Paphos. The mosaics form a part of the indoor and outdoor complex of villas that are historical. Every mosaic depicts something different, whether an action with a Greek god or goddess, or a blessing for the house, or even a scene from a narrative. The Romans sure knew how to live it up!
Nearby Paphos, in the town of Kouklia, is what remains of one of the most significant places of Aphrodite worship in ancient Cyprus. The arrangement is entirely in ruins, but some of the original walls dating back to the period remain. Additionally, there are portions of several Roman pillars. Is a castle home a small museum which includes some artifacts.
Some archaeologists believe that in which the Kamares aqueduct stands now there was once a Roman aqueduct used to supply water into early Kition (modern-day Larnaka). What scientists will agree on is that the aqueduct that is there now was constructed in 1746 by the authorities of Larnaka. When contemporary plumbing made it obsolete, it was used to cary water from 6 miles away till 1939.
As a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1998, Choirokitia settlement amazes and showcases how Cypriot inhabitants lived. These one-room dwellings offered them security and the ability. The site includes reproductions of those hut dwellings to provide a better idea of how their homes looked to visitors. The smallest of huts were used to house their animals while the bigger ones were used as sleeping quarters. These folks were hunter/gatherers.
Unfortunately what remains of ancient Kition pales in comparison to what it was in its heyday. Only the foundations of a few structures remain. Kition was one of Cyprus’ most. It had the very important port in early Cyprus. Modern day Larnaka would will need to be ripped apart to find more of Kition. The nearby Larnaka District Archaeological Museum houses many artifacts located at the Kition site. Its exhibits also demonstrate that there was also other area on the planet via Kition’s port and relations between Cyprus.
So there you’ve got 8 of their most amazing sites in Cyprus. All these are by no means all there is to see. Cyprus has almost 10,000 years of history, which you can encounter when you decide to visit this sun. Articles about Cyprus coming shortly!
Have you ever been to Cyprus or planning a trip there? Tell us about it! Leave a question or comment below!
Particular thanks from Naturally Cyprus, the Larnaka Tourism Board, and the Amorgos Boutique Hotel .